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Zen buddhism was introduced to Japan by Japanese monks who studied zen buddhism in China in early 12th century. It emphasize to gain enlightment through zazen (meditation while sitting still on floor) and daily work called samu such as raising vegetable, cleasening, cooking etc.

Thoughts of zen such as "to know one has enough" deeply influenced Japanese customs, ways of lives and culture such as tea ceremony, ikebana (flower arrangement), Japanese garden etc.

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